Enhancing Student Learning by Incorporating Learning Styles into Adaptive Hypermedia
Curtis A. Carver Jr., Richard A. Howard, Edward Lavelle, United States Military Academy, United States
EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Boston, MA Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC
1 This paper outlines a project to enhance student learning using course hypermedia and an adaptive hypermedia system based on student learning styles. Initial attempts at generating networked hypermedia at the United States Military Academy produced a wide variety of tools which students could use to prepare for lessons. Students had on-line access to over one gigabyte of hypermedia course information including lesson slideshows, note-taking guides, lesson objectives, extensive course hypertext, a student response system, a configurable virtual computer, and extensive graphics, sound files, animations and digital movies. This plethora of tools confused some students as they were uncomfortable making active choices of what course material would be most conducive to their learning. Furthermore, an assessment of the multimedia and hypertext documents in the course revealed that the value of a particular multimedia tool to a student varied widely. Each student was traversing the course material according to their own unique learning style. As a result, an adaptive hypermedia interface was developed that tailored the presentation of course material based on the individual student's learning styles. Adaptive hypermedia, implemented through Common Gateway Interface forms and based on the Felder learning style model, provided this mechanism. Every time a student logs into the course hypermedia, the interface into the course is dynamically generated based on the student's learning style. By tailoring the presentation of material to the student's learning style, the authors believe the students learn more efficiently and effectively.
Carver Jr., C.A., Howard, R.A. & Lavelle, E. (1996). Enhancing Student Learning by Incorporating Learning Styles into Adaptive Hypermedia. In P. Carlson & F. Makedon (Eds.), Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia & World Conference on Educational Telecommunications, 1996 (pp. 28-32). Boston, MA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).
© 1996 Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE)