Online Reciprocal Peer Tutoring Approach in Facebook: Measuring Students' Critical Thinking
Nurul Zulkifli, Noor Abd Halim, Noraffandy Yahaya, Henny Meijden, Norasykin Mohd Zaid, Ana A Rashid, Suhaizal Hashim
iJET Volume 16, Number 23, ISSN 1863-0383 Publisher: International Journal of Emerging Technology in Learning, Kassel, Germany
Critical thinking skills are one of essential employability skills for graduates when entering the workforce. The lack of critical thinking skills among Malaysian graduates is a concern as these skills are important for success in the 21st century. Therefore, this paper aims to study the effects of online reciprocal peer tutoring (RPT) through Facebook discussion on students’ critical thinking. In this study, the online RPT approach in Facebook was used to nurture students to think critically. In RPT, the tutor role is switched between participants in each task, giving equal opportunities to all learners to benefit from the tutor and tutee role. This approach was integrated into their learning for 4 weeks to increase students' critical thinking. During the learning process, they need to involve in 4 critical thinking tasks based on Bloom's taxonomy. 29 undergraduate students from the school of education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia completed the validated instrument, Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal test (inference, assumption, deduction, interpretation, evaluation arguments) before and after the treatment. The findings show that it is significantly different in making inference (Z=-3.85, p=.000
Zulkifli, N., Abd Halim, N., Yahaya, N., Meijden, H., Mohd Zaid, N., A Rashid, A. & Hashim, S. (2021). Online Reciprocal Peer Tutoring Approach in Facebook: Measuring Students' Critical Thinking. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 16(23), 16-28. Kassel, Germany: International Journal of Emerging Technology in Learning.