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Third Generation Adaptive Hypermedia Systems

, , , Texas A&M University, United States

WebNet World Conference on the WWW and Internet, in Honolulu, Hawaii Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA


This paper examines the development of adaptive hypermedia systems and proposes adaptive characteristics for third generation adaptive hypermedia systems. First generation adaptive hypermedia systems predated the World-Wide Web (WWW) and were primarily single user adaptive hypermedia systems. Second generation systems have exploited the distributed nature and ease of authoring of the WWW to develop more robust and mature adaptive hypermedia systems. While these systems are a dramatic improvement over first generation systems, they have several limitations that limited the effectiveness of adaptation. These limitations include limited adaptation through one-dimensional, stereotypical user models, coarse granularity of adaptive support, closed adaptive hyperspaces with sharp boundaries, limited authoring support, and limited and non-constructive communications between the user and the adaptive model. Third generation adaptive hypermedia systems must address these shortcomings to fully exploit the potential of adaptive hypermedia. Future systems must provide explicit, fine-grained adaptation support that the user can easily tailor and refine to provide highly relevant multidimensional adaptation. Future adaptive hypermedia systems must be open systems with soft boundaries that are expandable and incorporate resources from non-adaptive hypermedia with gradual degradation of support. Finally, adaptive systems must be relatively easy to build and maintain. This paper examines these characteristics of future adaptive hypermedia systems and proposes a framework for development.


Hill, J.M.D., Pooch, U.W. & A. Carver Jr, C. (1999). Third Generation Adaptive Hypermedia Systems. In Proceedings of WebNet World Conference on the WWW and Internet 1999 (pp. 177-182). Honolulu, Hawaii: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved December 2, 2023 from .